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My publications - sorted by year

My publications - sorted by type

Peer-reviewed journal articles:


  1. J. El Baz, R. Frei and I. Laguir (2017). Reverse supply chain practices in developing countries: the case of Morocco. (Submitted)

  2. R. Frei and N. Bausch (2017). 3 hard realities for 3D printing. (Submitted)

  3. N. Bausch, D.P. Dawkins, R. Frei and S. Klein (2016). 3D Printing onto Unknown Uneven Surfaces. IFAC Mechatronics, September 2016, Loughborough / IFAC-PapersOnLine, 49(21), pages 583-590. (doi)

  4. R. Frei and N. Bausch (2016). Additive manufacturing as a socio-technical system. Int. J. of Latest Engineering and Management Research (IJLEMR), 1(10), pages 18-33. (pdf)

  5. R. Frei, A. Bines, I. Lothian and L. Jack (2016). Understanding Reverse Supply Chains. International Journal of Supply Chain Management and Operations Resilience, 2(4), pages 246-266. (doi)

  6. M. Butar Butar, D. Sanders and R. Frei (2016). Measuring performance of reverse supply chains in a carpet manufacturer.  Journal of Advanced Management Science, 4(2), pages 152158. (pdf)

  7. R. Frei, T.F. Serbanuta and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2014). Self-Organising Assembly Systems formally specified in Maude. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing, 5(4), pages 491–510. (pdf)

  8. R. Frei, R. McWilliam, B. Derrick, A. Purvis, A.Tiwari and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2013). Self-healing and self-repairing technologies. Int. J. of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 69(5), pages 1033–1061. (pdf)

  9. R. Frei and J. Whitacre (2012). Degeneracy and Networked Buffering: principles for supporting emergent evolvability in agile manufacturing systems. Natural Computing Journal - Special issue on Engineering Emergence, 11(3), pages 417–430. (pdf)

  10. M. Puviani, G. Di Marzo Serugendo, R. Frei and G. Cabri (2012). A method fragments approach to methodologies for engineering self-organising systems. ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems (TAAS), 7(3), pages 33:133:25. JCR 5-year impact factor in 2011: 1.645 (pdf)

  11. R. Frei and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2012). The Future of Complexity Engineering. Central European Journal of Engineering, 2(2), pages 164–188. (pdf)

  12. R. Frei and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2011). Concepts in Complexity Engineering. Int. J. of Bio-Inspired Computation, 3(2), pages 123–139. (pdf)

  13. R. Frei and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2011). Advances in Complexity Engineering. Int. J. of Bio-Inspired Computation, 3(4), pages 199–212. (pdf)

  14. R. Frei and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2011). Self-organising evolvable assembly systems. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics: Part C, 41(6), pages 885897. JCR 5-year impact factor in 2011: 2.112 (pdf)

  15. R. Frei, G. Di Marzo Serugendo and T. F. Serbanuta (2010). Ambient intelligence in self-organising assembly systems using the chemical reaction model. Journal of Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing, 1(3), pages 163–184. (pdf)

  16. R. Frei and J. Barata (2010). Distributed systems - from natural to engineered: three phases of inspiration by nature. Int. J. of Bio-inspired Computation, 2(3/4), pages 258–270. (pdf)

  17. R. Frei and J. Barata (2008). Manufacturing systems of the future: a multidisciplinary approach. In A. Azevedo, editor, Innovation in Manufacturing Networks, volume 266, pages 239–244. Springer, Boston, MA, USA. (pdf)

  18. R. Frei and J. Barata (2008). Embodied intelligence to turn evolvable assembly systems reality. In A. Azevedo, editor, Innovation in Manufacturing Networks, volume 266, pages 269–278. Springer, Boston, MA, USA. (pdf)

  19. M. Onori, J. Barata and R. Frei (2006). Evolvable assembly systems basic principles. In W. Shen, editor, Information Technology for Balanced Manufacturing Systems, volume 220, pages 317–328. Springer, Boston, MA, USA. (pdf)


Peer-reviewed conference papers:

  1. J. El Baz, R. Frei and I. Laguir (2016). Exploring reverse supply chain practices in Morocco. Int. Conf. Project and Logistic (PROLOG), Agadir, Morocco. (pdf

  2. R. Frei, I. Lothian, A. Bines, M. Butar Butar and L. Da Gama (2015). Performance in Reverse Supply Chains. Logistics Research Network Annual Conference (LRN), Derby, UK. (pdf)

  3. M. Puviani and R. Frei (2013). Self-management for Cloud computing. IEEE Science and Information (SAI) Conference, London, UK, pages 940–946 (pdf).

  4. R. Frei, S. Macbeth, J. Pitt and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2012). Simulation of complex emergent and self-healing structures in Presage and based on MetaSelf. International Conference on Through-life Engineering Services (TESConf), Shrivenham, UK, pages 337–344. (pdf)

  5. G. Di Marzo Serugendo, R. Frei and J.L. Fernandez-Marques (2012). Chemically inspired rules for self-healing in Self-Organising Assembly Systems. International Conference on Through-life Engineering Services (TESConf), Shrivenham, UK, pages 329–336. (pdf)

  6. M. Puviani, G. Cabri and R. Frei (2012). Self-healing in ensembles' collaboration patterns. International Conference on Through-life Engineering Services (TESConf), Shrivenham, UK, pages 361–367. (pdf)

  7. R. McWilliam, A. Purvis, D. Jones, P. Schiefer, R. Frei and A. Tiwari (2012). Self-repairing electronic logic units based on convergent cellular automata. International Conference on Through-life Engineering Services (TESConf), Shrivenham, UK, pages 353–360. (pdf)

  8. R. Frei (2011). A complex systems approach to education in Switzerland. European Conf. on Artificial Life (ECAL), pages 242-249, Paris, France. (pdf)

  9. G. Di Marzo Serugendo and R. Frei (2010). Experience report in developing and applying a method for self-organisation to agile manufacturing. IEEE Int. Conf. on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems (SASO), Budapest, Hungary, 2010.  (pdf poster, pdf 6 pages version, pdf 10 pages version)

  10. R. Frei, N. Pereira, J. Belo, J. Barata and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2010). Implementing self-organisation and self-management in evolvable assembly systems. IEEE Int. Symp. on Industrial Electronics (ISIE), pages 3527–3532, Bari, Italy. (pdf)

  11. R. Frei, B. Ferreira, G. Di Marzo Serugendo and J. Barata (2009). An Architecture for Self-Managing Evolvable Assembly Systems. IEEE Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), San Antonio, Texas, USA. (pdf)

  12. M. Puviani, G. Di Marzo Serugendo, R. Frei and G. Cabri (2009). Methodologies for self-organising systems: a SPEM approach. IEEE/WIC/ACM Int. Conf. on Intelligent Agent Technology (IAT) Milan, Italy. (pdf)

  13. R. Frei, G. Di Marzo Serugendo and J. Barata (2008). Designing self-organization for evolvable assembly systems. In IEEE Int. Conf. on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems (SASO), pages 97–106, Venice, Italy. (pdf)

  14. R. Frei, B. Ferreira and J. Barata (2008). Dynamic coalitions for self-organizing manufacturing systems. In CIRP Int. Conf. on Intelligent Computation in Manufacturing Engineering (ICME), Naples, Italy. (pdf)

  15. R. Frei, L. Ribeiro, J. Barata and D. Semere (2007). Evolvable assembly systems: Towards user friendly manufacturing. In IEEE Int. Symposium on Assembly and Manufacturing (ISAM), pages 288 – 293, Ann Harbor, MI, USA. (pdf)

  16. R. Frei, J. Barata and M. Onori (2007). Evolvable production systems, context and implications. In IEEE Int. Symp. on Industrial Electronics (ISIE), pages 3233-3238, Vigo, Spain. (pdf)

  17. R. Frei, J. Barata and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2007). A complexity theory approach to evolvable production systems. In Sapaty, P. and Filipe, J., editors, Int. Workshop on Multi-Agent Robotic Systems (MARS), pages 44–53, Angers, France. INSTICC Press. (pdf)

  18. J. Barata, M. Onori, R. Frei and P. Leitão (2007). Evolvable production systems: Enabling research domains. In Int. Conf. on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual Production (CARV), pages 239–244, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. (pdf)



Conference talks without proceedings:

  1. R. Frei (2017). Towwards a decision-making framework for reverse supply chain. Greening of Industry Network: Sustainable Development Goals and Supply Chains Symposium, Royal Holloway.

  2. S. Klein, M. Avery, R. Richardson, P. Bartlett, R. Frei and S. Simske (2015). 3D printed glass: surface finish and bulk properties as a function of the printing process. SPIE Conf. on Measuring, Modeling, and Reproducing Material Appearance (EI 2015), San Francisco, CA, USA. Invited paper.

  3. M. Butar Butar, D. Sanders, G. Tewkesbury and R. Frei (2014). Measuring performance of reverse supply chains in a carpet manufacturer. Int. Conf. on Industrial Technology and Management (ICITM 2014), Paris, France. 

Book chapters:


  1. R. Frei (2016). Reverse supply chains. In C. Weetman: A Circular Economy handbook for business and supply chains. Kogan Page, London, p.323-329. 

  2. R. Frei and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2014). Self-Healing Software. In: The Computer After Me. Pitt, J. (editor), Chapter 5. Imperial College Press, London.


Theses and marked project reports:

  1. R. Frei (2010). Self-organisation in Evolvable Assembly Systems. PhD Thesis, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal. (pdf) (BBK poster 1) (BBK poster 2)

  2. R. Frei (2006). Validation of requirements for attaining evolvable assembly systems and a preliminary methodology for the modularisation aspects. Master thesis, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland, and Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden. (pdf)

  3. R. Frei (2005). Adhesion phenomena in component vibration feeding for micro-assembly. Semester project, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland. (pdf)

  4. A. Amsellem and R. Frei (2005). Ethical aspects of stem cell research and therapies (in French). Semester project in "Science, Technology and Society", Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland. (pdf)

  5. R. Frei (2004). Contact angle investigations on substrates with controlled periodic roughness: different asperity sizes and different substrate temperatures. Semester project, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland. (pdf)


Magazine articles:

  1. G. Di Marzo Serugendo and R. Frei (2012). Self-awareness in agile assembly systems. Awareness Magazine http://www.awareness-mag.eu; Self-Awareness in Autonomic Systems. (pdf)

  2. N. Bausch and R. Frei (2016). Conformal printing with the InSPIREd printer. http://www.3printr.com (link)


Technical reports:


  1. R. Frei and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2010). Advances in Complexity Engineering. TR BBKCS-10-07, School of Computer Science and Information Systems, Birbeck College, London, UK. (pdf)

  2. R. Frei, N. Pereira, J. Belo, J. Barata and G. Di Marzo Serugendo (2009). Self-awareness in evolvable assembly systems. TR BBKCS-09-07, School of Computer Science and Information Systems, Birbeck College, London, UK. (pdf)

  3. G. Di Marzo Serugendo and R. Frei (2009). Experience report in developing and applying a method for self-organisation to agile manufacturing. TR BBKCS-09-06, School of Computer Science and Information Systems, Birbeck College, London, UK. (pdf)

  4. M. Puviani, G. Di Marzo Serugendo, R. Frei and G. Cabri (2009). Methodologies for self-organising systems: a SPEM approach. TR BBKCS-09-05, School of Computer Science and Information Systems, Birbeck College, London, UK. (pdf)

  5. R. Frei, G. Di Marzo Serugendo and J. Barata (2009). Designing self-organization for evolvable assembly systems. TR BBKCS-09-04, School of Computer Science and Information Systems, Birbeck College, London, UK. (pdf)

  6. R. Frei, C. Quigley, F. Dreyer and J. Heijmans (2007).  The jigsaw puzzle project, an assignment for digital biology. DECOI 2007 Summer School, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.  (pdf)